Cannabidiol, or CBD, is very popular right now, with what seems like everyone and their dog is using it – quite literally! But, because CBD is relatively new to the dog world, and veterinarians are not really recommending its use, for many dog owners there is still a lot of confusion about this subject. In this FAQ, we answer all your questions, covering the basics of using CBD oil for dogs.  

What is CBD?

CBD is one of over 200 compounds called phytocannabinoids found in the flowers and leaves of hemp and cannabis plants. CBD is one of the most researched of all the cannabinoids, showing promise as being effective for symptom support in a variety of medical conditions, while also being safe to use in both humans and animals. And unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD doesn’t have any of intoxicating effects.

The Best CBD oil for Dogs

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Is CBD Oil for Dogs Safe?

As with any medication or supplement, there is always a potential risk of a negative reaction, and it’s only natural to be hesitant to give our dogs CBD. However, the safety profile of CBD for use in both humans and animals is well established.

One thing to keep in mind is that you can’t give the same CBD oil you use for yourself to your dog. Always use a product specifically formulated for dogs, as CBD oils made for humans often contain additives that are not good for them.

What Other Compounds Do You Find in CBD Oil for Dogs?

CBD is not the only beneficial compound that is found in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum hemp extracts. Along with CBD, there is also a range of other phytocannabinoids in hemp oil extracts, each of which have their own set of properties. Most of these are safe for dogs, except for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which can be toxic to them.

Cannabinoid

Properties

Cannabidiol (CBD)

Analgesic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, anxiolytic, anti-convulsive, anti-cancer

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotectant, anti-emetic, sedative

Cannabigerol (CBG)

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, promote bone growth

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, anti-cancer, neuroregenerative, promote bone growth

Cannabichromevarin (CBN)

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, sedative, anticonvulsant

What Is the Entourage Effect?

The entourage effect centres on the idea that when all the cannabinoids and other plant compounds found in the hemp plant are used together, they work synergistically in such a way that the benefits of the whole-plant are much more powerful than if they used alone. The entourage effect is important to keep in mind when choosing a product for your dog as many researchers and vets agree dogs seem to respond better to CBD oils and products that contain broad-spectrum extracts as opposed to CBD isolates (more on this below).

Types of CBD Oils for Dogs

CBD oils can come in a variety of different types and grades – with each having its own set of qualities, benefits and drawbacks. That’s why it’s important to understand the differences between these when choosing a product for your dog. 

Full-spectrum CBD Oils

Full-spectrum CBD oils are products containing whole-plant extracts that still have all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in the hemp plant. However, as mentioned before, vets do not recommend you give THC to your dogs as they are highly sensitive to its psychoactive properties. So, with that in mind, we recommend skipping full-spectrum CBD extracts for now.

Broad-spectrum CBD Oils

Broad-spectrum CBD is very similar to full-spectrum in so far as containing all compounds present in the hemp plant. But unlike full-spectrum CBD oils, all THC has been removed. This makes it the preferred choice for dogs as you get the benefit of the entourage effect without the THC.

CBD Oils from Isolate

Because there is a misconception that all other cannabinoids are potentially harmful to dogs, some people advise dog owners to use a CBD oil made from isolates. This is because, as the name suggests, CBD isolates are close to 99,9% pure with all other cannabinoids and plant compounds having been stripped away. Although CBD oils from isolates are safe to use, veterinarians believe that broad spectrum CBD oils work better because of the entourage effect.